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Lower Back Pain Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Almost everyone will experience some type of back pain in their lifetime. Lower back pain is pain that occurs in the area behind your belly-from your rib cage to the pelvis, which is also known as the lumbar region. Although you may experience pain in the middle of your lower back or you may have left side back pain, the most common is lower back pain right side. Although lower back pain generally resolves on its own, there are many treatments available for lower back, including many effective home remedies.

man with lower back pain

Common Lower Back Pain Causes

One of the most common causes of lower back pain is poor posture and when you combine sitting for long hours with poor posture-the result can be debilitating back pain. Other lower back pain causes may include:

  • Injury to joints, bones, muscles, spinal vertebrae, soft tissues, ligaments and/or the blood vessels in your lower back region can cause lower back pain right side, left side back pain and middle lower back pain. Sports injuries falls, a direct blow or an accident can cause damage to these structures on your back.
  • Tense muscles in your lower left or right back can also cause pain with a feeling of weakness in your muscles and/or the inability to lift or move objects.
  • Damages to the discs such a herniated or a bulging disc are also common causes of lower back pain. Discs are a protective cushion between the spinal vertebrae and when they are injured, it can cause severe and sudden pain in your lower back.
  • Joint conditions and other age-related issues, such as arthritis or lumbar spondylosis can also affect the lower back and cause pain that is localized or that extends across your lower back.

Lower Back Pain Symptoms

The symptoms of lower back pain from range from a dull ache to sharp and stabbing pain. The pain can be constant or intermittent as well as positional. Acute pain in the lower back can suddenly appear after an injury and chronic pain in the lower back is defined as pain that lasts longer than three months. If you have severe back pain from an injury or back pain that lasts longer than 72-hours, you should consult your chiropractor. The warning signs of a serious injury may include pain when coughing or urinating, leg weakness, fever and/or loss of control of the bladder or bowels. These symptoms require an immediate medical evaluation.

Lower Back Pain Treatment

Depending on the cause of your lower back pain, there are a few things you can do at home to relieve the pain, including hot or cold therapy and bed rest. If your pain is due to an injury or if the pain continues even with home remedies, it is recommended that you visit your chiropractor for an examination. Along with recommendations for stretches for lower back pain and exercises for lower back pain, chiropractic treatments may include:

  • Spinal manipulation, which consists of your chiropractor applying hand pressure to areas of your lower back to relax irritated muscles and lessen the intensity of your pain
  • Traction, using pulleys and weights are used to stretch and lengthen the spine which can offer temporary relief of lower back pain.  
  • Massage therapy is extremely beneficial for loosening muscle tension, which can help lessen the pain and allow you to get back to your daily activities

Keep in mind that prevention is often the best solution for lower back pain. There a few things you can do to help prevent lower back pain, especially pain that is caused by poor posture or sitting too long. While working take frequent breaks to stretch, go for short walks, place computers at eye level so you don’t have to bend extensively and consider replacing your desk and chair with ergonomically friendly styles.

If you are experiencing lower back pain, contact Senft Chiropractic of Atlanta to learn more information about the treatment options we have available.